# 凸多邊形完美分割線的尋找

2007年

## 摘要或動機

1) First, we studied the properties of lines and segments that bisect a triangle’s perimeter. By observing the properties, we found a “revolving center” what we defined. We employed the revolving center in the construction with ruler and compass to make “triangle’s perimeter bisectors” that pass the points we desire. Later, we found out the “envelope\r
curves’” equations of the “perimeter bisectors” on the triangle’s two sides are parabolic curves. Moreover, the focus of this parabolic is just as same as the revolving center. 2) The curves envelope of area bisectors formed a hyperbolic curves. By similar method of constructing a “perimeter bisector”, we can also construct an “area bisector”’ by using the hyperbolic curve’s focus. We accidentally found out that we can construct the tangent of the conic by using our method, too. Different from the information we found, It supplies a easier method to construct the tangent of a conic. 3) With the rules of constructing perimeter (area) bisectors, we can expand the method to constructing the “perimeter (or area) bisectors” of any convex polygons. 4) We call the lines that bisect the convex polygon’s perimeter and area at the same time the "perfect bisect lines”. Based on the properties of the” perimeter bisectors” and the “area bisectors” in our research, we found out that the” perfect bisect lines” pass the intersection of the” perimeter bisector’s effective segment” and the hyperbolic. Thus, we can construct the “perfect bisect lines”. Moreover, we proved the esistence of the “perfect bisect lines.”1. 首先我們先探討三角形等分周長線的性質，利用性質及觀察等周線的變化，我們找到可利用本研究所稱的「旋轉中心」，以尺規作圖的方式，作出「任意點的三角形等分周長線」。接著我們導出三角形兩邊上等周線所包絡而成的曲線方程式為一條拋物線的曲線段。進而發現上述的旋轉中心，即為等周線所包絡而成拋物線的焦點。2. 三角形兩邊上等積線所包絡出的曲線是一條雙曲線的曲線段。利用等周線的尺規作圖，我們找到同樣可利用焦點當旋轉中心做出等分面積線。意外的發現出圓錐曲線的切線作圖，皆可利用我們的研究方式(有別於已查出的文獻上記載)，較快速的作出切線。3. 利用三角形等周線(或等積線)的尺規作圖，可擴展到「過任意定點作出凸多邊形的等周線(或等積線)」。4. 我們將同時分割凸多邊形等周長與等面積的分割線稱為「完美分割線」。利用三角形研究出的等周線與等積線相關性質，我們找出完美分割線必通過同角的等周有效段與等積曲線段之交點。利用這結果可作出完美分割線。並進一步，我們證明出凸多邊形完美分割線的存在性。

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