# 告訴你「拉午耳」 「亨利」的壓力有多大 ─自製簡易的 IC 電路板來討論拉?

2007年

## 摘要或動機

This research is aimed to make an in-depth exploration into Raoul’s Law and Henry’s Law by using an accurate but simple vapor pressure gauge. The gauge is constructed from non-complicated electronics components- electronics IC PCB, film resistor, digital multi-meter, and battery. In the first step, we measured the vapor pressure of six kinds of liquids and 3 liquid mixtures- water, ethanol, chloroform, acetone, benzene, toluene, mixture of water and ethanol, mixture of chloroform and acetone, mixture benzene and toluene. From the results of this experiments, the vapor pressures of water and ethanol liquid mixture, and chloroform and acetone liquid mixture were slightly lower than their theoretic values-called negative deviation solution, while the vapor pressure of the benzene and toluene liquid mixture was quite close to its theoretic value-near an ideal solution. In the second step, the individual vapor pressures of water, ethanol, and chloroform were measured at various temperatures; the vapor heat(ΔH) were calculated by using the lausius-Clapeyron equation. In the final step, we used the gauge and other non-commercial instruments to measure the B.O.D. values of water from the Kaohsiung Love River, found the P-T correlation using Gay-Lussac’s Law, and calculated the absolute zero temperature value by extrapolation. 本研究是利用一些簡易的電子元件－電路IC板、電阻膜、數位三用電表和電瓶來組裝一 個準確、簡易的氣壓量測器。我們將此量測器用來深入探討「拉午耳定律」及「亨利定律」 。 首先，我們測量了水、乙醇、氯仿、丙酮、苯、甲苯等六種純液體的蒸氣壓，並測量了(水＋乙醇)、(氯仿＋丙酮)、(苯＋甲苯)等兩成份系溶液的混合蒸氣壓。結果發現(水＋乙醇) 、(氯仿＋丙酮)的混合蒸氣壓都比理論值低了一些，此稱為負偏差溶液；(苯＋甲苯)的混合蒸氣壓與理論值差不多，較接近理想溶液。 接下來，我們還測量了不同溫度下水、酒精及丙酮的蒸氣壓，並利用clausius－clapeyron equation求出液體純質的汽化熱( H Δ )。 最後，我們還搭配了自製的儀器裝置，來測定愛河水質的B.O.D.值(生化需氧量)以及探討氣體的給呂薩克定律(P~T關係)，並利用外差法來推求絕對零度。

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