臺灣國際科展

台北市內湖金面山區兩棲爬行動物資源調查之研究

科展類別
臺灣國際科展
屆次
2005年
科別
動物學
學校名稱
臺北市立內湖高級中學
作者
吳乃聖、趙宥家
關鍵字
兩棲爬行動物 生態保育
備註
柯達公司攝影獎:攝影獎

摘要或動機

本研究之目的主要為調查臺北市內湖金面山區附近兩棲、爬行動物之物種概況,建立內湖地區的兩棲爬行動物基本生態資料庫,期望藉此研究可推行高中科學教育研究的基礎,並可充實自然生態保育與愛護鄉土心靈教育的實際教材。 調查研究工作是由2003年4月開始,至2004年5月為止,十四個月期間,總計85次的夜間野外觀察,已確認記錄兩棲爬行動物的種類共計有37種(分屬2綱3目13科24屬),蛙類:4科13種,蜥蜴類:4科9種,蛇類:4科13種,龜鱉類1科2種。 各物種總出現隻次方面,蛙類以拉都希氏蛙的1547隻次為最多,最少的是長腳赤蛙及斯文豪氏赤蛙,僅6隻次。蜥蜴類以黃口攀蜥的1995隻次最多,最少的為麗紋石龍子,僅4隻次;蛇類及龜鱉類以龜殼花最多,共計85隻次,而以梭德氏游蛇、大頭蛇、白梅花蛇、赤背松柏根、南蛇、盲蛇、食蛇龜及材棺龜等均只有1隻次為最少。 出現頻度方面,十四個月份中,蛙類的拉都希氏蛙及古氏赤蛙皆有出現,在85次的調查期間,則是以拉都希氏蛙的97.65%為最高,最少的為長腳赤蛙,只有3.53%;蜥蜴類的黃口攀蜥於十四個月份皆有出現,而在85次的調查期間,則有75次、97.65%最高出現頻度,麗紋石龍子於14個月份及85次的調查,出現頻度均是最低,各是21.43%及3.53%;蛇類及龜鱉類物種中,以龜殼花14個月及61次的出現記錄為最高,出現頻度分別是100%及71.76%;而食蛇龜及材棺龜均只有出現一個月及一次,故其出現頻度為7.14%及1.18%。 分佈廣度而言,於二十二個調查樣區中,蛙類以拉都希氏蛙的95.45%為最大,最小的為長腳赤蛙及斯文豪氏赤蛙的18.18%;蜥蜴類以黃口攀蜥的100%為最大,,最小的是無疣蜥虎的9.09%;蛇類則以龜殼花的86.36%為最大;龜鱉類物種皆僅4.55%的分佈廣度。 各樣區出現物種數方面,蛙類以A區的11種為最多,蜥蜴類以二期校區的7種為最多,蛇類是以AB區的9種為多;各樣區中,則是以AB區所發現的兩棲爬行動物物種數最多,合計共有22種物種。 由研究結果得知,調查樣區內的兩棲爬行動物物種歧異度大,其中蛙類的優勢物種為:拉都希氏蛙,蜥蜴的優勢物種為:黃口攀蜥,而龜殼花則為蛇類的優勢物種。而環境溫度的變化,與調查樣區內兩棲爬行動物出現活動的總物種數有顯著之相關性。 ;The goal of this research paper is mainly to investigate Taipei city, Neihu District, nearby Jin-Mian mountain’s amphibious and reptiles for the establishment of the lake area amphibious and reptile basic ecology information bank. It is hoped that this research will provide a foundation to further promulgate the high school science education and research, and may enrich the natural ecology protection and education materials for the loving care of local environment. The investigation started from April, 2003 to May, 2004, or for 14 months period and amounted to 85 times of field observations at night. It was confirmed that there were 37 species of amphibious and reptile ( 2 classes 3 aria 13 families 24genus),amphibious species: 4 families 13 species, lizard: 4 families 9 species, snake: 4 families 13 species, turtle: 1 family 2 species. In regard to the number of times of appearances, amphibious species of Rana latouchii had the most appearances with 1,547 times, and the least appearances was the Rana longicrus and the Rana swinhoana with only 6 times; for the lizards, Japalura polygonata xanthostoma had the most appearances with 1,995 times, and the least appearances was Eumeces elegans with only 4 times; for the snake and turtle, Trimeresurus mucrosquamatus had the most appearances with 85 times; for the Amphiesma sauteri sauteri, Boiga kraepelini, Lycodon ruhstrati ruhstrati, Oligodon formosanus, Ptyas mucosus, Ramphotyphlops braminus , Cistoclemmys flavomarginatn and Mauremys mutica , each had appeared only 1 time. On the appearance frequency, within the 14 months, amphibious species Rana latouchii and Rana kuhlii, Rana latouchii appreared 97.65%, the highest within the 85 investigations period, and the least was the Rana longicrus with only 3.53%; lizard Japalura polygonata xanthostoma had appeared within these 14 months, but in 85 investigations period, their frequency was 75 times, or 97.65% at the highest frequency. Eumeces elegans there upon within the 14 months and 85 investigations, had the lowest frequency each at 21.43% and 3.53%; for the snake and the turtle species, Trimeresurus mucrosquamatus within the 14 months and 61 appearances had the highest frequency record at 100% and 71.76%; but Cistoclemmys flavomarginata and Mauremys mutica only appeared once in a month and, therefore its frequency was at 7.14% and 1.18%. For the distribution breadth, in 22 investigation sample areas, amphibious species take Rana latouchii of the amphibious kind had the biggest record at 95.45%, and the smallest was Rana longicrus and Rana swinhoana at 18.18%; for the lizards, Japalura polygonata xanthostoma was 100% as the biggest, and the smallest was Hemidactylus bowringii at 9.09%; for the snake, the Trimeresurus mucrosquamatus was at 86.36% as the biggest; the turtle species had only 4.55% distribution breadths. For the number of appearance in each area, amphibious species in area A had the most with 11 species, lizard of second period school area had the most with 7 species, the snake of area AB had the most with 9 species. In all other areas, the amphibious reptile species number in area AB had the most with 22 kind of species. From the results of the research, the biodiversity of amphibious and reptile species within the investigation areas is very high, Rana latouchi is the codominant of Frog; Japalura polygonata xanthostoma is the codominant of Lizard, and Trimeresurus mucrosquamatus is the codominant of Snake.


「為配合國家發展委員會「推動ODF-CNS15251為政府為文件標準格式實施計畫」,以及 提供使用者有文書軟體選擇的權利,本館檔案下載部分文件將公布ODF開放文件格式, 免費開源軟體可至LibreOffice 下載安裝使用,或依貴慣用的軟體開啟文件。」

檔案名稱 檔案大小 格式
台北市內湖金面山區兩棲爬行動物資源調查之研究 3 MB Adobe Reader(Pdf)檔案