臺灣國際科展

南爭北鬥之壁虎大戰一蝎虎與無疣蝎虎種間競爭程度之評估

科展類別
臺灣國際科展
屆次
2005年
科別
動物學
學校名稱
臺北市立麗山高級中學
作者
張?琳、陳寧
關鍵字
蝎虎與無疣蝎虎 競爭

摘要或動機

無疣蝎虎(Hemidactylus bowringii)與蝎虎(Hemidactylus freuatus)分類上屬蜥蜴目守宮科蝎虎屬,為本島住家附近常見且生態地位相近的壁虎,近年來因人為因素使原本有地理區隔的兩種壁虎在北部地區產生共域現象。本研究利用問卷來調查兩種壁虎分佈狀況,並用「體型大小」、「食物競爭能力」兩種指標,設計實驗評估種間競爭程度,來探討兩種居家壁虎種間競爭程度。問卷調查及物種採集結果顯示,在台北市各行政區確實存在共域現象,且分佈數量互有消長。體型大小比較上,蝎虎體型較無疣蝎虎稍大,但在統計上無顯著差異。食物競爭能力強弱比較上,以斷尾後尾巴增長量為指標,結果兩者大致相等,無顯著差異。綜合以上研究結果,顯示兩者共域後會出現種間競爭現象,程度大致相等,有互相消長現象。Hemidactylus bowringii and Hemidactylus freuatus are commonly seen in Taiwan, and their habitats are very near the area people live. Recently, two species have inhabited the same or overlapped geographical areas in northern Taiwan. This sympatric phenomenon resulted from the geographical isolation being broken by people. This research investigated their distributions in Taipei city by using questionnaire, and evaluated the degree of interspecific competitions by using indexes of the body size comparison and the food competition to design our experiments.According to results of questionnaire and animal sampling, two geckos did inhabit closely in some areas in Taipei city, and their population distributions were changing with time. According to the result of the body size comparison, Hemidactylus freuatus is bigger than Hemidactylus bowringii. But there is not a statistically significant difference between two species. The degree of food competition of two species was all square. In summary, it was occurred the interspecific competition between Hemidactylus bowringii and Hemidactylus freuatus, and the degree of competitions was almost equal.


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