臺灣國際科展

會旋轉的電解液

科展類別
臺灣國際科展
屆次
2004年
科別
物理科
學校名稱
高雄縣立文山高級中學
指導老師
鍾志輝、劉怡吟
作者
鍾昀勳
關鍵字
電解液,磁場

摘要或動機

本研究主要探討電解液之帶電離子在磁場中的動力行為。為了觀察更細微的結果,共歷經三代裝置改良,第一代用五個電錶及探針測量徑向橫截面上五點的電壓,所測數值電壓有下降趨勢但不足以呈現細微部份的變化。第二代利用電壓感應線、搭配平移台及電腦,呈現連續性且經數位處理之結果,出現電壓升降的電荷堆積現象。第三代為了更精確,將裝置結構及器材上改良。觀察到在磁場作用下有旋轉現象,改變電極極性時,會有順逆時鐘方向的改變,且只有電解質液才會有旋轉。更可以使用帶電質點受到勞倫茲力F=q(VxB)理論解釋。且旋轉中的電解液比沒有旋轉時,析出的銅量少,反應溫度升高快,電解液內電壓分布因電荷堆積造成的高低起伏。經過改變磁場強度、電解液濃度,不銅價離子電解液,結果濃度大、磁場大、離子數較多者,呈現電壓分布圖快速變化,彎曲大。This thesis report is the study of combining the moving charged particles under the perpendicular magnetic field. By using the theory of moving and electrolysis, the electrolytic liquid will swirl through the particular arrangement of the horizontal cylinders enclosed in a circular enclosure container and strong magnet. Then, the researcher observes the force situation of the charge in the magnetic field and discusses the differences of the electrolysis effect, which is experimented under the different conditions, such as, in the magnetic field or no-magnetic field. Furthermore, the researchers discuss the conduction of voltage spreading and interfering when the moving electrons under different position of two electrodes and under the different interaction of electric field and the magnetic field. And the changing reason as follow: (1)the magnetic field strength. (2)the concentration of the electrolytic liquid. (3)electrolytic solution. When the experiment group compared with the comparison group, the result may provide fundamental understanding as follow:(1) The researchers can find out the charged particles rotating in the magnetic field. And it proved the moving condition when the moving electrons in the magnetic field. (2) This experiment can be used in judging the solution, which I electrolytes, or not. (3) This experiment also proved for Arrhenius’s ionic theory. (4) The researchers found out the quantity of Cuprun decrease, the rise in temperature and the reducing in voltage.


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