臺灣國際科展

一些Moire patterns 的數學性質研究

科展類別
臺灣國際科展
屆次
2003年
科別
數學科
學校名稱
國立嘉義高級中學
指導老師
李文堂、丁右松
作者
陳威任
關鍵字
Moire patterns
備註
紐西蘭二○○三年科學展覽會

摘要或動機

Moire 為法文,其英譯為watered, 是古代織布技術的一種應用;將印有規律條?的透明薄片重疊時,稍微移動或轉動其中的一片,會形成極大的圖形變化,稱為moire pattern本作品針對三個moire pattern 的數學式加以推導:(一)、兩張透明片各印有等間隔平行線,轉動其中一片使兩線的夾角θ,亮紋垂直距離和暗?垂直距離的比值為tanθ/2tanθ 。(二)、兩張透明片各印有輻射線,重疊後行成圓系,可由代數或幾何加以證明,利用三角函數可推導出此圓系方程式為:x2+{y-rtan[π/2-(θ-?)]}2)]}={rsec[π/2-(θ-?)]}2)]}\r
\r
(三)、透明片A 印有等間隔平行線,B 印有符合高斯曲線的平行線,AB 重疊時,形成一系列的高斯曲線,AB 的夾角減少時,會增大曲線的曲率,我們進一步討論曲線的曲率和平行線斜率的關係。Moire is the French word “watered” and refers to an ancient technique employed in cloth making. The moire occurs whenever two or more transparent sheets with periodic strips on them are superposed. The characteristic of moire patterns is the fact that a slight shift of sheets will create dramatic alternations in the observed patterns. In the present report, We derive the equations of three different moire patterns. First of all, take a sheet with equal spaced straight lines and placed it on top of another identical sheet. They are made to intersect and form an angle of θ. As the angle changes slightly, it produces huge changes in the spacing of moire fringes. We can derive a formula related to the interfringe distance. The ratio of bright fringes and dark fringes is tanθ/2tanθ.Secondly, two transparent sheets with radial lines on them are overlapped, forming a pattern similar to the lines of force between point charges. We can find that the pattern is a series of circle by means of algebraic and geometric proofs. And proven by trigonometric functions, we canconclude that they satisfy the equation :x2+{y-rtan[π/2-(θ-?)]}2)]}={rsec[π/2-(θ-?)]}2)]}\r
Thirdly, a set of lines of equal spacing is overlapped with a second set of lines whose spacing are derived from a Gaussian curve. A series of Gaussian curves is reproduced in a moire pattern. Reducing the angle of intersection between the two figures steepen the curvature. We discussed the relation between the curvature and the slope of inclined lines.


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