臺灣國際科展

A Study For Heavy Metals Detection Using The Solubility change of Different Kinds Solute

科展類別
臺灣國際科展作品
屆次
2012年
科別
環境科學
得獎情形
四等獎
學校名稱
KISP(korean international school philippine)
作者
jae Ha Park
關鍵字
solubility

摘要或動機

A research on how a solution mixed with two or more solutes affect the solubility of each solute was done. If different solutes are put in a solution with a specific concentration, the solubility of the single state solute increases, stays the same, or decreases. The difference in solubility caused by several solutes will give solutions on selectively collecting heavy metals from bodies of water polluted by these heavy metals even more effectively. To test the changes in the solubility of the solution with several solutes, sedimentation has been used; however, colorimetric analysis was also done to observe the changes in color of solutes that show color in the solution. Nitrate compounds of Sodium, Magnesium, Strontium and Potassium were used for the typical metals, and for the transition metals, nitrate compounds of Silver, Cadmium and Lead were used. Test results show that Sodium decreased the solubility of Lead, and as the concentration of Sodium increased, the solubility of Lead increased too. On the other hand, K increased the solubility of Pb, and as the concentration of K increased, the solubility of Pb decreased. We can use the radius of ions and the enthalpy of hydration to explain the changes in solubility. In the case of Cd, as the concentration of K, Mg and Sr increase, the solubility of Cd increased with it. This is because the difference between the ionic radii of Cd and the other ions (K, Mg, Sr) has a tendency to increase in solubility in the enthalpy of hydration. Also, as the concentration of Ca increased, there was a tendency in which the solubility of Cd decreased. This is because the ionic radii of Cd and Ca are similar to each other and there was a tendency that the solubility decreased in the enthalpy of hydration. Through this experiment, the study shows the tendency of the change in solubility of several solutes by comparing ionic radius and the enthalpy of hydration, and if this result is used, the processing of certain heavy metals in the bodies of water can be even more effectively used than the previous method.


「為配合國家發展委員會「推動ODF-CNS15251為政府為文件標準格式實施計畫」,以及 提供使用者有文書軟體選擇的權利,本館檔案下載部分文件將公布ODF開放文件格式, 免費開源軟體可至LibreOffice 下載安裝使用,或依貴慣用的軟體開啟文件。」

檔案名稱 檔案大小 格式
A Study For Heavy Metals Detection Using The Solubility change of Different Kinds Solute 286 KB Adobe Reader(Pdf)檔案