臺灣國際科展

Bio-Conversion of Agricultural Waste to Ethanol

科展類別
臺灣國際科展
屆次
2008年
科別
環境科學
得獎情形
第一名
學校名稱
Korean Minjok Leadership Academy
指導老師
Doman Kim
作者
Kim, Nahyun、Kim, Ghahyun

摘要或動機

a. Purpose of the research: Find a potential way to reduce the global warming, and develop a process for the lignocellulosic ethanol production using rice straw, which is an agricultural waste. b. Procedures: One of the greatest challenges for society in the 21st century is to meet the growing energy demand for transportation, heating and industrial
processes. This significantly contributes to “Greenhouse Effect.” Rice straw is one of the lignocellulosic biomasses which are renewable organic substance and alternative source of energy. For the first time, rice straw was pretreated using
autoclaving or a hypochlorite-hydrogen peroxide (Ox-B) solution, which is broadly used in potable water treatment. The pretreated rice straw was hydrolyzed with two kinds of enzymes: Cellulase and Spezyme. Following hydrolysis, Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Pichia stipitis were inoculated for ethanol production. c. Data: With the 5% Ox-B sample (initial sugar concentration was 5%), the final ethanol concentration was about 1.1%, is 87.3 % of stoichiometric and fermentation efficiency yield. Currently, we’re developing a new mutant, which can use glucose and xylose simultaneously, by using soft X-Ray. In conclusion, for the first time, rice straw was pretreated by using autoclaving or hypochlorite-hydrogen peroxide (Ox-B), solution which is broadly used in potable water treatment. The Ox-B solution
treatment was an essential step for efficient hemicelluloase hydrolysis. Using 5% rice straw sugar, 1.1% ethanol was obtained. d. Conclusion: Further optimization study of fermentation process and strain improvement researches are in progress. We hope to see future cultivators to move through the energy of ethanol produced by rice straw. This project has a great emphasis towards understanding the importance of bio-energy and its nature.


「為配合國家發展委員會「推動ODF-CNS15251為政府為文件標準格式實施計畫」,以及 提供使用者有文書軟體選擇的權利,本館檔案下載部分文件將公布ODF開放文件格式, 免費開源軟體可至LibreOffice 下載安裝使用,或依貴慣用的軟體開啟文件。」

檔案名稱 檔案大小 格式
Bio-Conversion of Agricultural Waste to Ethanol 160 KB Adobe Reader(Pdf)檔案