臺灣國際科展

電蚊拍挑戰A!

科展類別
臺灣國際科展
屆次
2002年
科別
工程學
學校名稱
臺北市立麗山高級中學
指導老師
陳聲台、鍾清枝
作者
鍾介文
備註
赫伯特胡佛青年工程獎;美國第五十三屆國際科技展覽會:大會獎工程學科四等獎

摘要或動機

本研究以碳化矽(SiC)奈米粉末加入去離子水中,插入銅電極加以電壓進行其表面帶電性的研究。研究中發現SiC奈米粉末的表面帶有負電荷,且加以電壓後,SiC奈米粉末會沉澱下來。利用場發射掃描式電子顯微鏡(SEM)及X-光繞射儀(X-RD)檢測其性質,發現加以電壓使奈米粉末失去電荷而聚集沉澱。同時經由製作不同酸鹼度SiC奈米粉末溶液的陽極極化曲線發現pH值越大,SiC奈米粉末表面電位越高,開放電路電位越小。本研究實驗過程中發現pH值2之SiC奈米粉末溶液加過電壓後,正極生成一透明薄膜狀物質,極有可能是導電鍍膜,應用價值極高。本研究已先進行微硬度試驗與金相實驗,將由長庚大學機械系研究所進行更深入檢測與研究。The electrochemical behavior of the SiC-nanopowder in deionized water was studied. The electrochemical cell was composed of two pure copper electrodes, across which different voltages were applied. The morphology of the nanopowders or even with reacted products was examined using field emission electron microscope(FESEM) and the corresponding phases were identified with X-ray diffraction method(XRD). The experimental results show that tha nano-powders precipitated at the surface of the anodic copper electrode and in the same time the nanopowders in the solution aggregated when 20 volts were applied across two electrodes. That is, net negative charge could be induced around the nanopowder. Deposition rate of the aggregated powders in the various pH-value solutions was evaluated and the aggregated powders were examined with FESEM. The higher Zeta potential of the SiC-nanopowder was examined as the nanopowders immersed in the higher pH value solution. The nanopowders aggregated themselves as the pH value under 2. The anodic polarization behavior of the copper electrode in SiC- nanopowder solution was measured and the results were compared with the aforementioned tests.


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