塑膠海岸-臺灣東北海岸微小塑膠污染之研究

科展類別
臺灣國際科展
屆次
2002年
科別
環境科學
學校名稱
基隆市私立二信高級中學
指導老師
陳金善、鍾兆玄
作者
張瑋淵
關鍵字
塑膠污染,海岸生物
備註
英特爾環境健康與安全獎

摘要或動機

一、目的:1.找出基隆沿岸是否受到塑膠微小物的污染,建立塑膠成分的簡易檢定法,3.分辨所發現塑膠微小物成分,4.試圖分析其污染源,並尋求減輕汙染方法。二、結果:本研究為首篇證實東北部海岸已遭受塑膠微小物污染之本土研究。我們想出了不用昂貴儀器的位之塑膠簡易成分判別法,發現海面漂浮的油渣含有塑膠微小物,還觀察到海岸生物(藤壺)由本來附生在岸邊的石頭上轉而附著於漂浮的塑膠垃圾及漁民和釣客所使用的浮標、漁網、浮桶等。三、為減少海岸的塑膠微小物污染,建議政府立法規定業者主義塑膠原料運送中產生的問題,並提倡垃圾分類,人民本身也應自我覺醒。Taiwan is an island, and the sea is very important for us. So in this study, we tried (1) to examine the small plastics (resin pellets and plastic fragments) pollution of the northeast coast, (2) to identify the components of unknown plastics by burning, soluability in organic solvents and relative weight but without using expensive instruments, and (3) to classify the small plastics we found and to find out where were they from. Our study is the first grassroot research proving that the northeast coast of Taiwan has been polluted by small plastics. We attempt to identify the components of unknown plastics without using expensive instruments. The present study discovers that there are many small plastics in the floating oil scum. The relation between the oil scum and small plastics needs more study. We finds marine life (bamacles) growing on floating small plastics. The ecological importance of this discovery needs more study. We also make suggestions for reducing the minute plastic pollution of the coasts: (1) the government should ask big companies to be more careful on the transport of plastic pellets, (2) people should be aware of the problems caused by small plastics.


「為配合國家發展委員會「推動ODF-CNS15251為政府為文件標準格式實施計畫」,以及 提供使用者有文書軟體選擇的權利,本館檔案下載部分文件將公布ODF開放文件格式, 免費開源軟體可至LibreOffice 下載安裝使用,或依貴慣用的軟體開啟文件。」

檔案名稱 檔案大小 格式
塑膠海岸-臺灣東北海岸微小塑膠污染之研究 656 KB Adobe Reader(Pdf)檔案