臺灣國際科展

斷層附近地下水透露的地震信息

科展類別
臺灣國際科展
屆次
2002年
科別
地球與太空科學
學校名稱
臺北市立建國高級中學
指導老師
劉正彥、曾世彬
作者
周?
關鍵字
斷層

摘要或動機

Earthquakes are results of rapid sliding of two crystal blocks around fault inducing seismic motions. Huge disasters caused by large earthquakes as the Ji-Ji Earthquakes occurred on 21* September 1999 show importance of earthquakes forecast. In our country and foreign countries , there appeared not a small number of reports suggesting there are clear precursors of ground water and electro- magnetic changes amount other numerous phenomena. Recently there are reports that point out the possibilities to investigate slight motion of ground water near active faults using electro- magnetic instruments. In order to investigate the problem more in detail a simple laboratory experiment is designed to study the electric field induced by the simulated water flow. The electric field changes are compared with at without water flow. It is shown that there appeared electric potential changes of an order larger than measurement limits water motion during earthquakes occurrence process, and that monitoring the flow of ground water near active faults is useful method in the earthquake prediction.近年來科學家從事地震研究,發現地震前斷層附近地下水流以及電磁場會發生變化。但或因位置不確定,或因變化量甚小而不易量測。本研究真對上述地震預警中兩項重要的關鍵 - 水及電,嘗試製作電極,並利用室內模擬地下水流動而野外斷層的電位量測,檢測斷層活動期間電場的變化。其結果顯示,當地下水因地殼受擠壓而流動時,可明顯觀察到電場的變化。這表示借由本實驗測量地震前發生的電位變化,可監測地震前版塊應力的改變,進而提供地震可能發生的資訊。


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斷層附近地下水透露的地震信息 1 MB Adobe Reader(Pdf)檔案