仿生智慧型熱控制系統

科展類別
臺灣國際科展
屆次
2008年
科別
工程學
學校名稱
臺北市立大直高級中學
指導老師
惠沁宜
作者
蕭季威
關鍵字
熱控制,節約能源

摘要或動機

通常使用隔熱材料可以降低熱量傳遞,而使用風扇、散熱片、熱導管等用來單向散熱。但如何在一個系統上同時滿足隔熱和雙向傳熱的需求呢?因此我研究設計了仿生智慧型熱控制系統,能隨環境改變而快速轉變成隔熱或轉變成雙向傳熱並控制熱傳遞的方向及大小,這可以應用在房屋、汽車、恆溫系統等。我先自製了自動傳熱量測系統,測試並找出好的隔熱和傳熱材料及構造。為了能快速控制熱的方向及大小,我又發展了第一代替換式、第二代熱柵式和第三代熱管式熱控制系統;經過多次實驗,利用低沸點有機溶劑和控制系統,我成功地完成仿生智慧型熱控制系統,讓熱隔絕或快速流進流出,比傳統的方法改進很多,也達到節約能源的目的。Insulation materials are usually used to reduce heat transfer rate, while fans, radiators and heat pipes are applied to increase heat transfer rate and bring heat away. But is it possible to have both functions of insulation and heat transfer together in a single system? This research is to design and develop an intelligent heat control system, with both function of insulation and function of transferring heat together. Besides, this system can control the direction and amount of heat
transferred. Such a system can be applied in house walls, cars, thermostatic system, etc. I developed an automatic heat measurement system which was used to test the properties of heat transfer for different materials and structures. Three generations of intelligent bi-directional automatic heat control system were then developed to get fast heat transfer and function of heat control. They were phase 1 replacing-type system, phase 2 heat-grating system, and phase 3 heat-pipe system. After tens of experiments, I successfully control the amount and rate of heat transfer via low-boiling-point organic solutions and controller. The designed system is bi-directional, and is more innovative and efficient than conventional uni-directional heat control methods. Besides, this system also has huge contribution in reducing energy consumption.


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