臺灣國際科展

Energy-Transformation Railway System

科展類別
臺灣國際科展
屆次
2004年
科別
物理科
得獎情形
第三名
學校名稱
Salesian English school
指導老師
Kong Hoi Fung
作者
Yip Hoi Hung、Kwong Chun Ho

摘要或動機

There are numerous problems caused by today's railway system. This makes Hong Kong a less attractive place to live in. We have to tackle these problems in order to make Hong Kong a better place. Our model can recycle the energy dissipated in the rail vibration, reuse the sound energy produced by the wheels and the rail by a sound energy conversion system, recycle the wind power in the tunnel by a new type of wind turbine, the Wind Power Generator Underground (WPGU), recycle the thermal energy produced by the air-conditioning system of railway stations by a new system, the Thermal Energy Conversion (TEC). When the rail is bent, the magnets attached to it are also pulled down. When the rail returns to its original position, the magnets attached to it are pulled out of the coils. In both cases, the magnets move against a force. The work done to move the magnets against the force is converted to electrical energy. Also, the bottom of the MTR is designed to be curved. The sound waves produced by the contact point of the wheels and the rail directing towards the bottom of the MTR would be reflected to an elastic material which has a number of magnets attached to it and corresponding number of solenoids are fixed on the ground below the magnets. Sound energy can be converted to electrical energy in this case. When a train approaches or passes through the section that the WPGU is installed, wind is generated. The wind forces the wind turbine to rotate at a certain high speed. The turbine transmits the rotation to the coils in the dynamo, and hence electricity is generated. Heat released from the air-conditioner is absorbed by water. The hot water is then pumped into the system. As the hot water in the pipe flows through the evaporator, liquid ammonia inside will evaporate and flow into the electricity generator. Inside the electricity generator, the gas will push the turbine to rotate and hence electricity is generated. The ammonia gas is then condensed in the condenser and flows back to the evaporator. Hence ammonia is used circularly. In order to explain our principle, we would like to introduce the Lenz's Law, an induced current flows in such a direction as to oppose the movement that started it, the Faraday's Law of electromagnetic induction, the induced electromotive force in a circuit is equal to the rate of change of magnetic flux through that circuit, the Law of Conservation of Energy, energy can neither be created nor destroyed, but can transform from one form to the other.


「為配合國家發展委員會「推動ODF-CNS15251為政府為文件標準格式實施計畫」,以及 提供使用者有文書軟體選擇的權利,本館檔案下載部分文件將公布ODF開放文件格式, 免費開源軟體可至LibreOffice 下載安裝使用,或依貴慣用的軟體開啟文件。」

檔案名稱 檔案大小 格式
Energy-Transformation Railway System 113 KB Adobe Reader(Pdf)檔案