臺灣國際科展

水分子自我組裝之機制探討

科展類別
臺灣國際科展
屆次
2005年
科別
物理科
學校名稱
臺北市立中山女子高級中學、臺北市立和平高級中學
作者
王啟芸、王啟倫
關鍵字
水分子,電磁場
備註
智利正選代表:智利2005年科學博覽會

摘要或動機

Up to this time we have spent almost three years in studying condensation and water droplets. Little could we have done as compared with the almighty nature. However we are rewarded by the nature as we gradually found the secrets about electro-magneto field and water droplets: The size of water droplets turn smaller upon electro-magneto field and grow more uniformly especially upon electric field. This experiment presented here is actually the diary of the growth of water droplets in condensation, upon magnetic field and electric field. Through convection, it discusses the self assembly patterns of water droplets and peep into the uniformity both of the size and the distribution mode of water droplets. In former basic experiment, we focus on temperature and the speed of water moisture; generally speaking, higher temperature speeds up the coalescence procedure but does not affects the nucleation size of water droplets in simple plain surroundings; while speed of moisture does affects the nucleation size. As we went farther, deep into convection and found magneto-electric force did play an important role in the self assembly mechanism of water droplets. The topic is mostly concerned as we are surrounded by magneto-electric waves in today’s world. This experiment anchors the first step in discovering the uniformity of water droplets in different environment, and providing insights into the self assembly mechanism of water droplets upon electro-magneto field with nano sizes. 這是一系列關於水蒸氣冷凝為極細微小水珠的實驗。其中可以分為兩大部分; 第一部分是基礎實驗。將水蒸氣導入至潔淨的介面上(蓋玻片),觀察冷凝水珠的結構。雖然看似簡單平常,但卻有令人驚奇的發現;不同溫度的水蒸氣,其冷凝最初始的細微顆粒之尺寸是相同的 !爾後隨著溫度的升高,堆疊速率也跟著上升;以致於最後一起呈現出來的水珠大小不一,尺寸不一。 第二部分是將水蒸氣導到磁場及靜電場上,觀察其冷凝結構。這部分的實驗推翻了一般「水分子是電中性在電磁場中不受影響?」的刻板觀念 !實驗所呈現出來的冷凝水珠,不但於附加磁場中尺寸縮小又不易長大,同時還有固定的自我組成模式( Slef-assembly pattern);而且也發現在磁場中的冷凝小水珠的尺寸比電場中的小,可是電場中的小水珠則表現出較大的均勻特質。


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