臺灣國際科展

旋光性介質對電磁波影響的分析與討論

科展類別
臺灣國際科展
屆次
2006年
科別
物理科
學校名稱
臺北縣私立及人高級中學
指導老師
羅克義
作者
王維淳、王洪斌
關鍵字
旋光性介質,電磁波

摘要或動機

This experiment mainly aims at three kinds of solution - Dextrose, Saccharose, and Fructose. By changing its temperature, density, length of tube, as well as different wave length factor of polarized light, we observe the influence of the direction of polarization by those factors. The experimental result showed as follow. The Dextrose and the Saccharose can cause the polarized light with the rotary direction of clockwise, so both are ‘dextrorotatory’. The Fructose can cause the polarized light with the direction of counterclockwise, so it is the ‘laevorotatory’. For the Dextrose, when the\r
temperature is lower than 20℃, the direction of polarization has changed observably, but doesn’t have any rule. When the temperature is higher than 20℃, the direction of polarization increase slowly. For those three kinds of solution, when\r
density increased, the polarization increased observably. When the polarized light passed through the solution with longer path, the direction of polarization has more change. When the wave length of the polarized light changed, the direction of polarization has been changed observably. When the wave length of the polarized light is shorter, the direction of polarization change increased.本實驗主要針對葡萄糖、蔗糖、及果糖等三種旋光性溶液,改變其溫度、濃度、容器管長、以及不同波長的偏振光等因子,觀察這些因素對偏振方向所造成的影響。實驗結果顯示:葡萄糖與蔗糖會使得偏振光的偏振方向以順時針旋轉,屬右旋性之光學異構物;果糖會使得偏振光的偏振方向以逆時針旋轉,屬左旋性之光學異構物。若溶液為葡萄糖,當溫度低於20℃時,偏振光的偏振方向會有明顯的改變,但無規則可尋;當溫度大於20℃時,偏振方向旋轉角位移則以非常緩慢的方式增加。當此三種溶液之濃度增加時,偏振光的偏振方向有明顯遞增的現象。此外,當容器長度越長(即偏振光在介質中的行程越長)時,偏振方向的改變亦越明顯。當偏振光的波長改變時,偏振光的偏振方向有明顯的變化,且當偏振光的波長越短,偏振方向的改變越大,似乎與波長呈反比,但此結果與理論值(即旋光度與波長平方成反比)仍有一些差距。


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