昆蟲模擬-雙振翅翼

科展類別
臺灣國際科展
屆次
2007年
科別
物理科
學校名稱
國立臺南女子高級中學
指導老師
尤芳忞、施銘哲
作者
舒瑞盈、吳幸眉
關鍵字
蜻蜓,振翅頻率

摘要或動機

本研究的目的在於探討蜻蜓兩對翅膀在不同的相位差之下對升力有什麼影響。在觀察蜻蜓及察閱相關網站、研究後發現蜻蜓前後翅的相為差有相差0.5 週期、相差0.25 週期、同週期三種不同振翅方式。在界定欲實驗的種類和評估現有的能力及資源後,決定研究加上相差為0.125 週期的四種振翅方式,於無風條件、相同的振翅頻率下進行實驗,測量其升力的變化週期。測量結果參照前人的文獻後發現,0.5週期產生的升力雖最小,但最平穩,所以為蜻蜓最常用的飛行方式。而0.25 週期升力會疊加,往下的力被抵銷,故為向上加速時使用。 ;The purpose of this study is to investigate the phase-shift between the front-pair and rear-pair wings on the maximum lift of a dragonfly. As observing the flight of a dragonfly and the literature survey from web sides, it has been observed that the general phase-shift modes of the dragonfly are in-phase-shift, 1/2 period and 1/4 period. It has been decided to include a 1/8 period phase-shift mode into the known three modes under the no wind condition with a fixed flapping frequency, the cyclic lift force of the dragonfly wing model has been measured. When it is flapping, we put the model on an electronic scale for measuring the weight of the model. After that we minus the original weight of the model, knowing the increasing or decreasing weight and the extra weight is the lift force. The results show that 1/2 period phase-shift mode produces the least lift force; however, it is the most stable flight, and is being adopted by the dragonfly for level flight. The in-phase-shift mode can produce more lift force on the flapping processes. The 1/4 period phase-shift mode produce the most acceleration, being adopted by the dragonfly for the climb flight.


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