表面粗糙結構對疏水性影響之應用與研究

科展類別
臺灣國際科展
屆次
2007年
科別
物理科
學校名稱
臺中縣私立華盛頓高級中學、國立台中高級工業職業學校
指導老師
謝建德、柯博仁
作者
林瑋隆、李頂立
關鍵字
粗糙結構,疏水性

摘要或動機

本研究從大自然中之「蓮花效應」引發學習興趣與研究動機,在蒐集相關資訊與文獻後,發現疏水功能不只是防水,還關係著日常生活品質之許多材料特性,包括防水、撥水、防潮、防銹、防蝕、抗菌防污、自清潔…等。而影響固體表面疏水性之兩大特性,包括物理之表面粗糙度與化學之超低表面能,本研究針對物理之表面粗糙度與疏水性之關係做探討,以相同之化學特性來比較不同號數之工業用砂紙之疏水行為,並就廣泛被引用之兩種模擬表面粗糙度與疏水性關係之模式:Wenzel and Cassie model,比較現有文獻對兩種模式之特性,選擇Cassie model 來進一步實驗驗證,以量測之平均接觸角 Θ 推算Cassie model 之表面粗糙係數Φ 值,並簡化不同砂紙顆粒模型為相同粒徑之球狀,以簡化之方程式來求得水珠與砂紙顆粒之實際接觸面積與球心夾角 θ,以提供高中學校能在經費與設備之限制下,仍能有效應用與印證Cassie model,獲得砂紙顆粒直徑與球心夾角 θ 自然對數值之關係。並就疏水性之生活應用,建立接觸角與 Φ 之關係曲線,驗證實驗之方程式,與延續過去之科展成果,以實驗成果提出可行性應用之建議。The interest and motivation of the present work was introduced from “lotus effect” in nature. After we collected related literature and information, we found that the function of the so-called “superhydrophobicity” behaves not only water repellency, but also a variety of real-life applications, including anti-fog, anti-corrosion, anti-bacteria, anti-fouling, self-cleaning, and so on. Pervious studies have pointed out that two criteria affecting the performance of hydrophobic surfaces are physical (roughness) and chemistry (surface tension) properties. This study focused on influence of physically surface roughness on hydrohyphobicity. Based on an identical surface chemistry, we employed different types of industrial sandpapers to mimic the lotus leaf, and investigated the relationship between roughness and hydrophobicity by using two famous models: Wenzel and Cassie models. Comparing with their basic assumptions to our study, we applied Cassie model to confirm our experimental results, in where one Cassie parameter (?) was proposed to simplify the Cassie equation. This superhydrophobic behavior can be well predicted by the Cassie model. This study continues previous achievement and offers some practical utilization according to our\r
experimental results.


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