當急驚風遇上「玻璃片」-以簡單原理研製便宜準確風速計

科展類別
臺灣國際科展
屆次
2007年
科別
物理科
學校名稱
國立新竹高級中學
指導老師
陳嘉立、萬文傑
作者
曾建豪、蔡廷南
關鍵字
風速計,玻璃片

摘要或動機

本專題研究之目的,在於運用簡單的原理自製出準確、廉價、適用於低風速範圍的風速計;方法是藉由將一連接轉軸的玻璃片迎風,探討迎風時,玻璃片偏轉夾角和風速之間的關係。實驗過程中同時發展出可以用馬達旋臂的裝置與v=rω的原理,產生穩定可計算風速的環境。研究結果發現:在低風速的環境下,θ 範圍小時玻璃片與地夾角和風速大略成正比的關係,所以我們可以得到近似式” v≒aθ+b”,參數(a,b)依玻璃片而定。另外θ 範圍大時,我們可以使用二次逼近曲線的方程式與內插法來作角度與風速的對應。藉由控制玻璃片的厚度、質量與形狀,我們可以製造出相對應風速範圍的風速計。The purpose of our research is to use easy theorems to make accurate and inexpensive anemometer which is available in low wind velocity. To make such anemometers, we made a piece of glass, which was connected to a axle, to face wind; then, we could figure out the corresponding relation between wind speed and the angle created by the original and the resulting positions of the piece of glass. While we were experimenting, we found that we could make a steady-wind-speed environment by using motors, sticks, and the theorem ”v=rω”. The research showed that the angle created by the original and the resulting positions of the piece of glass and wind speed are in direct proportion in low wind velocity in small θ range. Consequently, we\r
can derive the formula ” v≒aθ+b” , for each piece of glass (a,b) can be different. In addition, when in bigger θ range, we can use quadratic approximate equation and interpolation to describe the corresponding relation between the angle and wind speed. By adjusting the thickness, mass , and the shape of the glass, we can make anemometers corresponding to different wind velocity ranges.


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