# 魚洗水跳現象的探討

2002年

## 摘要或動機

In the previous year study, we assumed that the fish basin as a column-shape model in order to exam and explain how the water spouting. This year, we established a reality-like situation of the fish basin to construct our theory base. At this point, round-waves and up-down waves are found as the beginning point of the water spouting. The sound from the basin is the frequency of the vibrations. Meanwhile, this process enables us to understand the causes of four, six, and eight waves. In addition, we tried to change the basin's positions, the capacities of water, the densities of liquids, and the sizes of the containers to demonstrate the theory. Furthermore, we used similar containers, such as high-heel cup and big magnetic bowl to experiment. The results are also corresponded with the theory. These results can also be used to explain the Chinese aeolian bell, clock, shaking bell, etc. That is a major innovation for us. Finally, we obtain better understanding of the abstractive theory though the simulation of the computerized photographs. 魚洗，也稱龍洗，傳說是中國唐宋時代皇帝洗臉的臉盆，內底四條魚紋，麟尾畢具。洗內盛水後，用手摩擦其兩個雙耳，立即發出響亮的嗡鳴聲，並出現美麗了漣漪，水珠四濺，摩擦越快，聲音越響，波浪翻騰，水珠越烈。對此在上一年度的研究中，是將洗盆視為圓柱狀，然後由圓柱狀所建立的模型去解釋水跳的原因，初步瞭解了水跳的原因。今年我們以洗盆真實的情況建立理論模型，在殼體產生共振的圓形駐波及上下駐波，此為水跳產生點，此時殼體發出的聲音就是共振的頻率。也瞭解了有四個、六個、八個、十個波腹的原因。並以改變殼體不同位置、水量、液體密度及洗盆大小等變因應證模型，結果與理論相符合。繼而以高腳杯、大磁碗等類似魚洗盆構造的容器，加以實驗應證，也能符合此理論。甚可推到中國古時候的編鐘、搖鈴、風鈴等器材。對於我們總認為碰撞就產生聲音的觀念實是一大突破。最後經由電腦動畫的模擬，讓此抽象的理論更容易瞭解。

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