臺灣國際科展

淨化我們喝的水-經濟方便的再生過濾器雛型

科展類別
臺灣國際科展
屆次
2002年
科別
環境科學
學校名稱
嘉義市立北興國民中學
指導老師
張毓禎、徐宜廷
作者
鄒輝穎、柯廷穎
關鍵字
過濾器,自來水,重力

摘要或動機

近年來由於土地過度開發,經常發生土石流,使得自來水廠進水混濁度太高,過濾設施無法正常運作,本實驗裝置可以利用氣昇?和重力作用,來清洗濾層中殘留物物比重較大的雜質,而且濾砂含自動控制昇?還可以重覆使用,如此便能先處理河川中大量的河水。整個過濾器主要分三個部分;(1)下端進水處理處為高比重的雜質重力沉澱處。(2)圓錐狀的濾層以利於自動清洗時砂層的循環。(3)自動清洗監控部分。濾砂清洗的影響因子為濾層厚度的重力、氣昇?壓力含進水量三者交互作用。濾砂以硬度大的石英砂最佳,濾層高度為25cm,平均進水量0.23升/秒,為最佳處理狀態可獲得原水78.5%的乾淨濾液。Debris flow occurs frequently due to the over-development of watershed recently. The water used as the input of water treatment factory is too turbid to be filtered by the traditional facilities. In this study on experimental apparatus was designed to remove the high density particles or suspended impurities. This apparatus can be used as a pretreatment apparatus of filtering factory. There are three main parts in own apparatus: (1) The precipitation one which is the site for precipitating of high specific gravity impurities (2) Cone shape filter layers which allows for cycle cleaning the sand layers (3) The automatic monitoring apparatus. The effet of water flow rate, air pressure, gravity and the height of filter layer on the performance of the experiment were discussed in this study. Experimental results showed that in the study, the height of filter layers is 25 cm, and the average water volume flow rate is 0.23 liter/sec. The apparatus can achieve a 78.5% leaner filtrate from the original water sample.


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