奈米溶膠製成蓮花效應及應用

科展類別
臺灣國際科展
屆次
2008年
科別
化學科
學校名稱
臺北市立大同高級中學
指導老師
黃婉珮
作者
李冠緯
關鍵字
奈米溶膠,蓮花

摘要或動機

Lotus effect(蓮花效應)是蓮葉表面化學組成(wax)與物理組成(微纖維結構)兩者所造成。本研究是以模擬Lotus effect,採用Sol-Gel 製成,將氟化矽聚合為奈米膠體。實驗結果發現,以異丙醇為溶劑,再依序加入氟化矽、硝酸以製成的Sol-Gel,將其塗覆於玻璃表面,可得到最高的接觸角(114.71°),且少量的氟化矽可製成大量的成品,已具有實用價值又兼顧成本的優點,最重要的是,本研究克服了目前Sol-Gel 製程與應用的四大難題(機械強度、與基材接著問題、透明度、溶膠凝固問題),可說是一大創舉。利用所研發出來的奈米溶膠,我們能成功地將Sol-Gel 附著於布料、玻璃、釉表面、粉體,也能成功地研發出具有自潔透氣的布料、救生衣、雪衣、棉被及自潔功能的玻璃、磁磚與市面上尚未研發出的防水粉體(接觸角>140°),因此我們研發出的Sol-Gel 應用甚廣,有無限的發展潛力。Chemical composition (wax) and physical characteristics (microstructure) of lotus leaves are both responsible of the so call Lotus Effect. In this study we intend to demonstrate louts effect by applying Sol-Gel method to polymerize fluorosilane into nano-scale colloid. Our experimental results shown that the sol-gel made based on isopropanol solvent with fluorosilane and nitric acid added in order, when coated on glass plate, can achieve highest (liquid-surface) contact angle of 114.7 degrees. In addition, only small quantity of fluorosilane is sufficient to produce large amount of product, making this method feasible and cost-effective. More importantly, this procedure overcome the four major difficulty of sol-gel processing and application, namely mechanical toughness, adhesion with substrate, transparency, and consolidation. Using the nano-sol-gel developed in this study, we have successfully coated the sol-gel onto fabric, glass, ceramic grazing surface, and powder, which allow one to make self-cleaning breathable clothes, life jacket, snow cloth, futon and self-cleaning glass and tiles, as well as water-proof powder (contact angle > 140 degrees) which is brand new on market. We therefore believe that there is a great potential for the application of sol-gel developed in this study.


「為配合國家發展委員會「推動ODF-CNS15251為政府為文件標準格式實施計畫」,以及 提供使用者有文書軟體選擇的權利,本館檔案下載部分文件將公布ODF開放文件格式, 免費開源軟體可至LibreOffice 下載安裝使用,或依貴慣用的軟體開啟文件。」

檔案名稱 檔案大小 格式
奈米溶膠製成蓮花效應及應用 1 MB Adobe Reader(Pdf)檔案